2006 Minerals Yearbook
2006 Minerals Yearbook
CAMEROON AND CAPE VERDE
U.S. Department of the Interior April 2009
U.S. Geological Survey
The Mineral indusTries of CaMeroon
and Cape Verde
By Harold r. newman
CAMEROON 2- to 5-km-wide zone of syenitic rocks that extend along a strike
length of about 80 km (mining Journal, 2006a).
The mineral resources mined in Cameroon in 2006 were quite Cameroon was considered to have abundant offshore natural
limited. although the mining sector had not been a priority of gas resources and additional hydropower potential that remained
the Government in the past, that appeared to be changing. The to be developed. The country’s petroleum reserves are located
Government was reviewing its mining Code with the intent of offshore in the rio del rey Basin, offshore and onshore in the
decreasing the state’s role in mining operations and discretionary douala and Kribi-Camp Basins, and onshore in the Logone-
powers with respect to those operations. all mineral resources Birni Basin in the northern part of the country. Cameroon’s
belong to the state. prospecting, exploration, and mining activities only refinery, which is located in the port city of Limbe, had a
for any mineral deposit were regulated by permit. capacity to produce 45,000 barrels per day and was operated by
Société nationale de raffinage (Sonora).
Structure of the Mineral Industry
The petroleum sector was the most significant segment of
Cameroon’s mineral industry, and petroleum products were the The significant producers of mineral commodities in Cameroon
main export items. other mineral commodities produced in the were Compagnie Camerounaise de l’aluminium (aluminum),
country were cement, clay, modest amounts of diamond and Cimentaries du Cameroon (cement), and Sonora (petroleum).
gold that were produced by artisanal miners from alluvial placer Table 2 is a list of the country’s major mineral industry facilities.
deposits, limestone, marble, pozzolana, primary aluminum, and more-extensive coverage of the mineral industry of Cameroon
sand. a variety of industrial minerals and other construction can be found in the 2004 and the 2005 U.S. Geological Survey
materials, such as aggregates, gypsum, and stone, were also minerals Yearbook, volume III, area reports—International—
produced. Cameroon’s undeveloped mineral resources included africa and the middle east, which are available on the World
bauxite, cobalt, gold from lode deposits, granite, iron ore, Wide Web at http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/country.
nepheline syenite, nickel, and rutile.
Hydromine Inc. of the United States was granted an References Cited
exploration permit for the minim-martap and the ngaoundal
bauxite deposits in adamaoua province, where there was Geovic mining Corp., 2006, Cameroon cobalt nickel: Geovic mining Corp.
(accessed august 18, 2007, at http://www.geovic.net/projects_cam_cobalt_
an estimated resource of 1,000 million metric tons (mt) that nickel.html).
averaged 46% aluminum oxide. Yekani S.a. of South africa mining Journal, 2006a, Cameroonian licence: mining Journal, august 18.
was awarded an exploration permit on the Fongo Tongo bauxite (accessed February 4, 2007, at http://www.mining-journal.com/Subscribers/
deposit near dchang in west Cameroon (mining Journal, 2006b). Journal_article.aspx?articleid=9743).
mining Journal, 2006b, Country report—Cameroon: mining Journal, July 25.
Geovic mining Corp. of the United States [a subsidiary (accessed January 29, 2007, at http://www.mining-journal.com/registered/
Geovic Cameroon plc (GeoCam)] was planning to start mining annual_review_article.aspx?articleid=7326).
cobalt, manganese, and nickel at the nkamouna laterite
deposit in southeastern Cameroon in 2009. Based on a 2006 CAPE VERDE
prefeasibility study, GeoCam planned to produce 4,000 metric
tons per year (t/yr) of cobalt and 3,000 t/yr of nickel from Cape Verde is an archipelago of 10 islands and 8 islets
525,000 t/yr of upgraded concentrates. mining would be by located about 600 km off the western coast of africa. mining’s
open pit, and processing would be by atmospheric leaching after contribution to the country’s economy was minimal. most of
crushing, washing, and screening to upgrade the ore (Geovic the country’s mineral requirements were imported. production
mining Corp., 2006). of mineral commodities was limited to clay on the Islands of
Small-scale artisanal miners recovered gold in the eastern and Boa Vista, Sal, and Sao Vicente; gypsum on the Island of maio;
northern parts of the country from alluvial and elluvial deposits. limestone on the Islands of Boa Vista, Sal, and Santo antao;
annual gold production was estimated to be about 2,000 pozzolana on the Island of Santo antao; and salt on the Islands
kilograms. diamond was also produced throughout the country of mindelo and Sal. Cape Verde was not a coal, natural gas, or
by small-scale artisanal miners. numerous local operations petroleum producer.
produced industrial minerals. more-extensive coverage of the mineral industry of Cape Verde
Canadian resources House Ltd. (CrH) received an exploration can be found in the 2004 and the 2005 U.S. Geological Survey
permit for the Lolodorf uranium property. The property is located minerals Yearbook, volume III, area reports—International—
in southern Cameroon and covers an area of 1,000 kilometers africa and the middle east, which are available on the World
(km). CrH stated that mineralization at Lolodorf is hosted by a Wide Web at http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/country.
Cameroon and Cape Verde—2006 7.1
CAMEROON AND CAPE VERDE: ESTIMATED PRODUCTION OF MINERAL COMMODITIES1, 2
(Metric tons unless otherwise specified)
Country and commodity3 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Aluminum metal, primary 67,000 77,200 85,900 4 86,977 r, 4 87,000
r, 5 r, 5 r, 5
Cement, hydraulic 936,969 948,943 1,032,438 1,000,000 1,000,000
Clay 23,066 r, 5 24,881 r, 5 15,734 r, 4 9,811 r, 4 10,000
Diamond carats 5,000 r, 5 5,500 r, 5 12,000 12,000 12,000
Gold, mine output, Au content6 kilograms 700 r, 5 700 r, 5 1,500 18,895 r, 4 20,000
Crude thousand 42-gallon barrels 26,280 4 24,820 4 34,675 4 21,900 7 22,000
Refinery products do. 12,000 12,000 12,000 12,000 12,000
Pozzolana, ash for cement 620,000 600,000 600,000 600,000 600,000
Sand and gravel 556,382 601,201 4 601,000 601,000 600,000
Sapphire kilograms 1,000 5 1,000 5 1,000 1,000 1,000
Silica sand 12,408 5 13,927 5 14,000 14,000 14,000
Limestone 98,600 5 103,420 5 103,000 103,000 100,000
Marble 445 5 468 5 500 500 500
Salt 1,600 1,600 1,600 1,600 1,600
Estimated data are rounded to no more than three significant digits.
Includes data available through April 2007.
In addition to the commodities listed, a variety of industrial minerals and construction materials (aggregate, gypsum, and stone) are produced, and
bauxite may be produced, but information is inadequate to make reliable estimates of output. The National Institute of Statistics of Cameroon
reports salt production to be less than 1 metric ton per year.
Reported by the National Institute of Statistics of Cameroon.
From artisanal mining.
Reported by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.
Cape Verde also produced clay, gypsum, limestone, and pozzolana, but output is not reported, and available information is inadequate to make
reliable estimates of output.
CAMEROON: STRUCTURE OF THE MINERAL INDUSTRY IN 2006
(Thousand metric tons unless otherwise specified)
Commodity Major operating companies Location of main facilities capacity
Aluminum Compagnie Camérounaise de l'Aluminium (Alcan Inc., 46.7%) Plant at Edea 95
Cement Cimentaries du Cameroon (Lafarge Group, 57%) Plant at Bonaberi near Douala 1,200
Diamond carats Artisanal Various locations 12,000
Gold kilograms do. do. 1,500
Limestone Cimentaries du Cameroon (Lafarge Group, 57%) Figuil 275
Petroleum, refinery barrels per day Société Nationale de Raffinage (Government, 66%) Refinery at Limbe 45,000
Pozzolana Cimentaries du Cameroon (Lafarge Group, 57%) Sud-Quest and Littoral Provinces 750
7.2 U.S. GeoLoGICaL SUrVeY mIneraLS YearBooK—2006
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