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    • Abstract: origin-KY primaryReturn To Primary Lesson PlansTitle: Origin of CoalLevel: Primary - Intermediate ( 1 - 4 )Time: Each activity varies - average 20 minutes for each activity depending on age/levelKERA Goals: 1.2, 1.4, 1.5 - 1.9, 2.7, 2.8, and 6.2

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origin-KY primary
Return To Primary Lesson Plans
Title: Origin of Coal
Level: Primary - Intermediate ( 1 - 4 )
Time: Each activity varies - average 20 minutes for each activity depending on age/level
KERA Goals: 1.2, 1.4, 1.5 - 1.9, 2.7, 2.8, and 6.2
Objective: Student will demonstrate knowledge that coal is a fossil fuel.
Background Information: What is Coal?
Coal is a black or brownish-black rock that is made from plants that lived and died about
100 to 400 million years ago. Because coal is made of once living plants, it is called a fossil
fuel.
Millions of years ago much of our land was covered by swamps. In these swamps were very
large plants and trees that grew to extreme heights. As these plants and trees died they fell
into the swamp waters. This process continued for many years forming layer upon layer of
dead plants. These heavy, soggy layers eventually formed a material called peat. Over time,
dirt, sand and clay covered the plants. The weight of the layers, heat and pressure caused
the peat to become rich carbon deposits. After millions of years of change, these carbon
deposits formed four different types of coal. One type of coal is bituminous. Kentucky has
very large bituminous coal reserves.
Activities:
1. COAL=SUM DIFFERENCE
Prehistoric
2.DESIGNS FOUR ENERGY
Coal
3. ENERGY PICTO-SPELL FACT
It took many millions of years for coal to form.
4. FIND-AN-ENERGY-PHRASE
Coal is a fossil fuel formed from plant remains.
5. FIVE-WAY ENERGY WORD SEEK
Fossil
6. SPELLING DEMONS AND ENERGY
Peat is the initial form of coal. Bituminous.
7. SUM ENERGY WORDS
Fossil
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8. THIRD LETTER SQUARE PHRASE
Sometimes an outline of an ancient plant can be seen in lumps of coal.
1. A Math Magic Word Puzzle
COAL = SUM DIFFERENCE
D L R I O S I T
15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
T I S E I L N O
23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
S N O E N T R I
31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38
R T S I E C S C
39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46
E A M S H R A T
47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54
P U T I P E R U
55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62
28 60 52 38 39 22 38 46 54 27 61
27 43 26 13 19 28 19 27 17 15 17
+ - - + + + + _ - + -
Directions: What word can you spell? Add or subtract the problems and then find the
answers in the letter code. Put the letters in the boxes.
Instructions for Exercise:
Students will solve 11 addition and subtraction problems. Match the answers with the letter
code. Transfer the letters above the answers to the line of 11 boxes to spell an interesting
word. For example, the answer of 55 has the letter P in the letter code.
A Math Magic Word Puzzle ANSWERS
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COAL = SUM DIFFERENCE
D L R I O S I T
15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
T I S E I L N O
23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
S N O E N T R I
31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38
R T S I E C S C
39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46
E A M S H R A T
47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54
P U T I P E R U
55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62
28 60 52 38 39 22 38 46 54 27 61
27 43 26 13 19 28 19 27 17 15 17
+ - - + + + + _ - + -
55 17 26 51 58 50 57 19 37 42 44
P R E H I S T O R I C
2. A Pattern Play Word Puzzle
DESIGNS FOUR ENERGY
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DIRECTIONS: Color all the octagons(8 sided figures) that have the same four letters
around it that spell the word COAL.
Designs Four Energy Answers
Instructions for Exercise:
Students will color or shade all the octagons with the bordering letters that spell COAL. The
letters do not have to be in the same order as the word COAL. When the puzzle is complete,
students will see a pleasing geometric shape.
DESIGNS FOUR ENERGY
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3. A-Picture-Spell Word Puzzle
ENERGY PICTO-SPELL FACT
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I_ ____ ____ ________ __
_____ ___ ____ __ _ _ _ _.
DIRECTIONS: Spell an energy sentence by filling in the blanks with the missing letters.
Answers to Energy Picto-Spell Fact:
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4. An A-Maze-In Phrase Word Puzzle
FIND-AN-ENERGY-PHRASE
REMAINS COAL IS A
PLANT IS FOSSIL FUEL
FROM PLANT A REMAINS
FOSSIL A IS COAL
FUEL PLANT A FORMED
PLANT FROM FOSSIL FUEL
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FROM FORMED FUEL REMAINS
PLANT FROM IS COAL
FORMED PLANT REMAINS FROM
COAL FOSSIL FUEL FORMED
IS FROM FOSSIL FUEL
A REMAINS PLANT REMAINS
COAL IS A FOSSIL FUEL FORMED FROM PLANT REMAINS.
DIRECTIONS: Draw a line to connect the words in the sentence.
Answer for Find-An-Energy-Phrase
Instructions for Exercise:
Students will draw a continuous line connecting the nine words in the sentence, COAL IS A
FOSSIL FUEL FORMED FROM PLANT REMAINS. Begin from one of the four COAL words
on the outer edges and move forward, either right or left, but never slantwise. There is only
one correct route.
REMAINS COAL IS A
PLANT IS FOSSIL FUEL
FROM PLANT A REMAINS
FOSSIL A IS COAL
FUEL PLANT A FORMED
PLANT FROM FOSSIL FUEL
FROM FORMED FUEL REMAINS
PLANT FROM IS COAL
FORMED PLANT REMAINS FROM
COAL FOSSIL FUEL FORMED
IS FROM FOSSIL FUEL
A REMAINS PLANT REMAINS
COAL IS A FOSSIL FUEL FORMED FROM PLANT REMAINS.
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5. A Word Seek Word Puzzle
FIVE-WAY ENERGY WORD SEEK
F S I
O S L
O I
O L
F F O S S I L
F S L
F O L
O S L
FOSSIL
DIRECTIONS: How many fossils can you find? Spell the word by filling in the boxes.
Five-Way Energy Word Seek
Instructions for Exercise:
Students will find the word FOSSIL across or down. Some of the letters in the squares can
be used to spell the word FOSSIL while others will not allow the word to be spelled. There
are five FOSSIL words and one has already been found.
Answer to FIVE-WAY ENERGY WORD SEEK (lower case letters)
F S I
f O S s i L
s O I
s f O s s i L
F i F O S S I L
l F o S s i L
F O L
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O S L
FOSSIL
6. A Spell-Well Word Puzzle
SPELLING DEMONS AND ENERGY
P E A T
WRITE ONCE PAST RAISE
I B S I
PIECE COMEING LOOSE AMUNG
T T H E
QUEIT EVERY WHICH READY
I N U I
MANY ANOTHER BEFOUR LAID
M T I I
HURD MEANT NONE COULD
A N L F
OFTEN HEER SURPRISE KNEW
O R O M
LITTLE FRIEND COLAR ASKED
U O F C
TONITE BECAUSE AGAIN WENT
O S A L
FIRST ACKE CAUGHT ONCE
P___ __ ___ _______ ____
__ _ _ _ _.
Directions: Use the letters above the words with the correct spelling to fill in the blanks.
Answer to Spelling Demons and Energy
INSTRUCTIONS FOR EXERCISE:
Students will decide which of the words are spelled correctly. Begin from the top space on
the left that is marked with a large dot and move across each of the word-letter boxes. Place
the letters that are above the correct spelling words on the dotted lines. Skip the boxes that
have spelling demons ( misspelled words). When the exercise is completed, there will be a
true energy statement, PEAT IS THE INITIAL FORM OF COAL.
Extension: The word, BITUMINOUS, can be spelled using the letters of the demons.
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SPELLING DEMONS AND ENERGY
P E A T
WRITE ONCE PAST RAISE
I B S I
PIECE COMEING LOOSE AMUNG
T T H E
QUEIT EVERY WHICH READY
I N U I
MANY ANOTHER BEFOUR LAID
M T I I
HURD MEANT NONE COULD
A N L F
OFTEN HEER SURPRISE KNEW
O R O M
LITTLE FRIEND COLAR ASKED
U O F C
TONITE BECAUSE AGAIN WENT
O S A L
FIRST ACKE CAUGHT ONCE
PEAT IS THE INITIAL FORM OF COAL.
7. An Outline To Find Word Puzzle
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8. A Skip Letter Word Puzzle
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ANSWERS to Third Letter Square Phrase
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Acknowledgment: Adapted from materials developed by the Illinois Department of
Commerce & Community Affairs and Office of Coal Development & Marketing
Return To Primary Lesson Plans
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